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Prostate Cancer Treatment

If you are diagnosed with prostate cancer, a range of treatments is available to cure or control the disease. Prostate cancer therapies can cause side effects, but these are most often temporary and can be controlled with medication. Your integrated care team will work with you to determine the best treatment approach for you. This could include one or multiple therapies including:

Active Surveillance

In some cases, it's best to avoid or delay more aggressive treatments. Active surveillance may be recommended when tumors are slow growing and when patients have other more serious health conditions. Careful monitoring with regular doctor visits, blood tests and imaging studies allow ongoing evaluation of your health and to determine if additional treatments are needed.


Surgery is the most common form of treatment for prostate cancer that has not spread to other parts of the body. The most common procedure is a radical prostatectomy. Many men are eligible for a new surgical option using the da Vinci Surgical System, a state-of-the-art robotics-assisted system that is less invasive and enables surgeons to make smaller incisions and highly precise movements that can better target cancer. Many patients experience less pain and discomfort, shorter hospital stays and a faster return to daily activities.

Radiation Therapy

New and highly advanced radiation therapies are available such as intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) that uses image-guided technology to precisely identify the location, size and shape of the prostate gland and then deliver the right amount of radiation to eliminate the cancer. Prostate seed implantation, or brachytherapy, is an internal type of radiation that delivers a localized dose of radiation directly to the prostate to effectively target the cancer cells and spare surrounding healthy tissue.

Hormone Therapy

Hormone therapy may be recommended to shrink a tumor before surgery or radiation. Hormone therapy decreases the level of male hormones in your body called androgens that can cause prostate cancer to grow and spread. Hormone therapy doesn't provide a cure, but can effectively limit the growth of a tumor.


Chemotherapy may be recommended for more advanced cancers that have spread to other parts of the body or for recurring prostate cancer. Chemotherapy is a systemic treatment that can kill cancer cells, but can also damage healthy cells. Side effects depend on the type and length of treatment and can be addressed with additional medications.